Text Box: 1609
Henry Hudson  sails up a river in a ship called the Halve Maen believing it to be the Northwest Passage. The river is later called “The Hudson River”.
Text Box: 1614
The Dutch trading Post of New Netherlands is established.
Text Box: 1624
Africans are imported as slaves to the Hudson Valley.
Text Box: 1638
The first shipment of Native American slaves are sent  to the West Indies, where they are traded for African slaves and goods.
Text Box: 1664
The English take over New Netherlands and divide it into two colonies: New York and New Jersey.
Text Box: 1712
Slave revolt in NYC involving 23 slaves. Twenty-one are executed.
Text Box: 1776
The Declaration of Independence is signed. A section denouncing slavery was omitted. 
Text Box: 1785
New York passes a law prohibiting the importation of slaves for sale.
The New York manumission Society is organized.
Text Box: 1787
Continental Congress excludes slavery form the northwest Territory.
Text Box: 1706
An Act to Encourage the baptizing of all Negroes, Indians and Mulattos. passed. 
Text Box: 1696
A law passed preventing more than three Negroes assembling.
Text Box: 1799
Gradual Manumission Law is passed.
Text Box: 1745
An Act passed to prevent the running away of slaves out of the city and county of Albany to the French in Canada. Punishment is execution. 
Text Box: 1797
Isabel , a slave to Johannes Hardenburgh. is born in Hurley, Ulster County. She later takes the name Sojourner Truth.
Text Box: 1807
Congress bans the slave trade.
Text Box: 1817
An Act relative to Slaves and Servants passed. Solidified the practices of gradual manumission.
Text Box: 1820
The Missouri Compromise enacted prohibiting slavery north of the southern boundary of Missouri.
Text Box: 1773
An Act to Prevent Aged and Decrepit Slaves from Becoming  Burdensome is passed.
Text Box: 1827
Slavery is officially abolished  in New York.  John Wynkoop is born in New Paltz.
Text Box: 1850
The Fugitive Slave Act passed “The law stated that in the future any federal marshal who did not arrest an alleged runaway slave could be fined $1,000. People suspected of being a runaway slave could be arrested without warrant and turned over to a claimant on nothing more than his sworn testimony of ownership. A suspected black slave could not ask for a jury trial nor testify on his or her behalf.

Any person aiding a runaway slave by providing shelter, food or any other form of assistance was liable to six months' imprisonment and a $1,000 fine. Those officers capturing a fugitive slave were entitled to a fee and this encouraged some officers to kidnap free Negroes and sell them to slave-owners.” (http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USASfugitive.htm)
 To view the law in it’s entirety, see  http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/fugitive.htm
Text Box: 1863
Emancipation Proclamation passed.
Text Box: 1865
The Thirteenth Amendment is passed abolishing all slavery in the United States.
Text Box: 1867
Fourteenth Amendment  - Bill of Rights is extended to include all people.
Text Box: 1870
Fifteenth Amendment is passed giving all men the right to vote (women will wait until 1920).
Text Box: 1875
Civil Rights Bill is passed extending the rights of people of color to equal treatment. 
Text Box: 1794
An Act to Prohibit the Carrying on the Slave Trade from the U.S. to any foreign Place or country.
To see the Law in it’s entirety, see 
Text Box: 1808
Inventory of Charles Hardenburgh listing Isabella (Sojourner Truth).

Judy (Jackson) is born.